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Infected hair

You will likely scape hair infections if you know about them, their causes, treatments, and preventions. that is what we have brought to you in an easily comprehensive article.

Good number of  people presently while being ignorant have their hair infected already. incase you are one of such persons the post will help you identify the kind of infection you hair has or an idea of other hair infections.

What is hair infection?

Hair infections occurs when the hair gets contaminated with a disease causing organism. These organisms might be yeast, fungal, viruses, etc.

Some of these hair infections might cause permanent hair loss  and should be taken serious.

There are lots of hair infections which effects varieties of people somethings due to ignorance. We will outline and try our best to quickly explain them below.


Hair infections

 1. Ringworm rash,
 2. Lice in head, &
 3. Dandruff.
 4. Folliculitis

Ringworm Rash

Also know as tinea, ringworm rash is a fungal skin infection. The name ringworm rash is derived from the ring-life look of the infection, Red circular look and itchy.

The infected hair area is usually bald (without hair), it shows a small spot or ring surrounding a central area of the scalp (skin on the head).
Surprisingly, ringworm has nothing to do with worms, but is a fungal infection that can occur anywhere on the body  - WebMD

In this post WebMD dropped more explanation  on ringworm. you can check it out later.


Symptoms:

The general ringworm rash symptoms include: Itchy skin, hair loss, scaly, cracked, red skin and ring-shaped rash; slightly raised and overlapping ring.

Ringworm rash symptoms will depend on the part of the body the infection is located.

You can learn more about the symptoms of ringworm rash on different parts of the body from CDC here.

Causes:

Ring worm is caused by growth of fungi between the outer and inner base of the scalp. This is the dermatophyte fungal. 

it is contagious and can be got from infectged human, animal, objects and soil.

follow this link to read more detailed causes of ringworm rash from Mayor Clinic.

Prevention:

The fungal that cause ringworm rash is common and hard to prevent but taking prevention measures will  be helpful.

Don't use other people's hair care materials for  yourself, such as brushes, combs...etc. They might be dangerous if they where used on an infected hair.

The most important thing to aid ringworm rash prevention is to get educated on it.

also avoid contaminated animals and materials. 

Treatment:

Salve the infected hair with proper instrument; then see the doctor for adequate treatment. Though there are suggested home remedies such as using apple cedar vinegar, tumeic and coconut oil, but we recommend you see your doctor ringworm rash treatment.


lice in head

lice (pediculus humanus capitis) plural for louse  are parasites which live on the infected hair, and survive from the human blood which they suck. They are referred to as small animals which infest the hair.

lice are contagious from one person to another and by the use of materials such as brushes, comb, etc. used on an infected hair. 

MedicineNet has more to say in this post.

Causes:

It can be contaminated through person to person contact, or contact between person and a contaminated objects probably used by an infected person.

lice in head doesn't mean a person has poor personal hygiene. Anyone can get it by having contact with infected materials or hair.

lice exists in hair and will have no place if there is no hair to harbor it.  

Tip : To get infected with lice, contact must be between an infected hair or other objects to the victims hair.

lice in head is more common with children especially female and is also common in female than male.

Prevention

Always make sure your hair is kept clean

One should avoid sharing materials which goes in contact with the hair, such as brushes, berets, combs, caps, scarfs, hats, etc. with an infected person.

Other Parasites and lice can be harbored by public dirty seats or others materials. Therefore you are advice not to lean your head on any public seats or any other public materials to prevent being infected.

Always make sure you keep you hair care materials clean always. Especially when another uses it.

Treatment

Completely shaving of infected hair is a very good treatment to hair lice, as the lice goes off with the infected hair, it is also necessary to completely burn the shaved infected hair. 

burning the shaved hair is very necessary to avoid another getting infected by contact with it.

If complete shaving won't be possible, use a fine smaller comb to comb the infected hair vigorously, after cutting the hair low.

You may also go to the chemist (drug store), ask for anti-louse ointment and directions to apply them.

Tip 2: note that using the natural method on the infected hair is better than using anti-louse. Therefore, it should be in the least of your choice.

More importantly, see a doctor.

Dandruff

Dandruff is another hair infection which appears as scales on the scalp. unlike lice in head, dandruff causes is due to poor personal hygiene.

Causes

Scales can be formed on the scalp by dead cell which are naturally shaded on the scalp surface, and becomes thick, causes itching if affected by bacteria and fungi, this happens when it is ignored.

Prevention

Keep the hair clean by washing it regularly and application of quality hair oil.

Treatment

Shave off hairs and take off  scales as possible as you can by combing the infected hair with a small comb or by brushing.

NHS UK recommends the use of anti-dandruff shampoo which are of  different types namely:  salicylic acid, coal tar, selenium sulphide (or selenium sulfide), zinc pyrithione, and ketoconazole in their post.


folliculitis

when there is an inflammation within the hair follicle (an organ located in mammalian skin _wikipedia), the result is know as folliculitis. folliculitis is said to be common and caused by fungal and bacterial.

folliculitis makes victims feel uncomfortable as it itches. folliculitis can occur on places like: upper back, lower legs, face, arms, and others areas with hair on the body.

types:

Hot tub folliculitis (pseudomonas folliculitis)
Razor bumps (pseudofolliculitis barbae).
Pityrosporum  folliculitis
Bacterial folliculitis
see this post for more.

symptoms 

Red bumps on the skin, itchy and uncomfortable.

Causes

  • Not always cleaning up after engaging i activities that makes you sweat so much,
  • Obesity,
  • Diabetes history,
  • Constant shaving, etc.
Check out for more causes on cleveland clinic

Prevention

  • clean up immediate after heavy sweat,
  • avoid shaving parts with no hair,
  • avoid clothes that are tight-fitted,
  • avoid sharing razor, towels, etc. as much as you can.
healthline has more to say in this post.

Treatment

Things that can reduce inflammation, control infection and fight fungal infection like cream, medicine, shampoo. laser hair removal or minor sugery. you can get more insight here.


External resources to learn more


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